Zenith Bank Profit Spikes 149% to N434bn
Zenith Bank Plc bolstered earnings performance for the nine-month period ended in September 2023. The bank’s profit after tax spiked by more than 149% year on year, driven by an improved core and non-core income, its unaudited financial statement shows.
Its unaudited results for the third quarter showed that the group recorded a remarkable triple-digit growth of 114% in gross earnings from N620.6 billion reported in Q3 2022 to N1.33 trillion in Q3 2023.
This performance demonstrates the Group’s resilience and strong market share despite a very challenging macroeconomic environment, Zenith Bank said in a statement.
The Group recorded a 149% year-on-year (YoY) increase in profit before tax, growing from N202.5 billion in Q3 2022 to N505 billion in Q3 2023. Profit after tax also grew by 149% from N174.3 billion to N434.2 billion in the same period.
The growth in the top line arose from both interest income and non-interest income. Interest income grew in the current period by 72% to N670.9 billion from N390.8 billion in Q3 2022, while non-interest income grew by 186% from N212 billion to N607.2 billion.
The growth in profit is similarly attributable to the twin effects of the improvement in interest and non-interest income. Interest income increased because of the growth in risk assets as well as the effective pricing thereon.
The non-interest income growth is largely driven by the revaluation gain due to the unification of exchange rates during the year. The cost-to-income ratio reduced from 55.8% in Q3 2022 to 37.8% in the current period.
Impairment levels increased due to the deliberate incremental provisions necessitated by the conservative approach towards the heightened risk environment and the creation of a counter-cyclical buffer needed to deal with any impending volatility of exchange rates.
This caused the cost of risk to deteriorate from 1.3% in Q3 2022 to 5.5% in Q3 2023, however, this is an improvement from Q2 2023 where cost of risk printed at 8.8% because of prudent management of risk assets.
Total assets grew by 48% from N12.3 trillion to N18.2 trillion in the period ended 30 September 2023, mainly driven by growth in customers’ deposits. Customers’ deposits grew by 49% from N8.98 trillion in December 2022 to N13.38 trillion in September 2023.
The growth in customers’ deposits cuts across both corporate and retail segments with the savings portfolio (all currencies) growing from N2.7 trillion in December 2022 to N4.6 trillion in September 2023.
Gross loans increased by 48% from N4.1 trillion in December 2022 to N6.1 trillion in September 2023 due to the revaluation of foreign currency-denominated loans as well as the growth in local currency loans to strategic and thriving sectors of the economy. The non-performing loan ratio improved to 3.8% in the period ended 30 September 2023, which is well below prudential limits. Net interest margin (NIM) printed at 5.6% from 6.2% reported in September 2022 due to low yield in government securities.
Capital adequacy ratio improved marginally to 20.1% from 19.8% while liquidity ratio declined from 75% to 68%. However, all our prudential ratios remain above regulatory thresholds.
The Group is optimistic of finishing the year 2023 strong, with focus on sustainable quick wins that would boost growth across all business segments and enhance stakeholder value.