Debt Service Cost
President Muhammadu Buhari

2020 Budget: Debt Service Cost Includes Capital Repayment, Interest – FG

The Federal Government has said debt service provision in the 2020 budget includes capital repayment, interest obligations and other charges.

According to 2020 budget document, debt service is expected to take more than 27% of the adjusted spending plan.

Reacting to the recent analysis by the former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar, FG said predictions on country’s debt profile is anchored on a false premise.

The statement was issued on Wednesday in Abuja by the Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, signed by Segun Adeyemi, Special Assistant to the President (Media), Office of The Minister of Information and Culture.

FG explains that the country’s ratio of debt to GDP was one of the lowest in the world at 19.00 per cent as at Dec. 31, 2019.

The nation’s Debt Management Office, DMO, stated in a recent report that total public debt as at December, 2019 was N27.4 trillion.

More than 32% of the sum are foreign debt, 67% domestic.

In the statement, the minister stressed that the scenarios on the country’s debt profile as painted by Atiku in a release issued on Tuesday had no basis.

Mohammed said while the FG welcomes constructive criticism, such must be based on verifiable facts rather than “conjectures and innuendos’’.

The minister explained that the figure of Nigeria’s debt to revenue ratio of 99 per cent in the first quarter of 2020, quoted by Atiku was not in the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework and Fiscal Strategy Paper, where he claimed he got it from.

“We are also not able to ascertain the source of the first quarter figures of N943.12 billion for debt servicing and N950.56 billion for retained revenue, which he also quoted,” he said.

The minister said the debt service provisions in the annual budgets include principal repayments, interest payments and all other applicable charges.

“Therefore, the statement that debt servicing does not equate to debt repayment is not only wrong, but ill-informed,” he said.

On the former Vice President’s assertion that revenue needed to go up, Mohammed said the administration had introduced several measures to shore up revenues.

Debt Service Cost
President Muhammadu Buhari

He listed some of the measures as the passage and implementation of the Finance Act, 2019, various on-going reforms in the Oil and Gas sector, Tax Administration and Collections, as well as the Strategic Revenue Growth Initiatives.

According to Mohammed, Nigeria’s debt service is expressly provided in the annual budgets and the debt service payments are made as and when due.

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He said based on provision and the payments, the issue of creditors foreclosing on Nigeria as predicted by the former Vice President did not arise.

The minister said Nigeria had not experienced alarming and unprecedented increase in the ratios of debt to GDP and debt service to revenue as posited by Atiku.

He said to the contrary, the country’s ratio of debt to GDP was one of the lowest in the world at 19 per cent as at Dec. 31, 2019.

Mohammed added that the Government is making concerted efforts to increase revenue so as to bring down the ratio of debt service to revenue.

“One of the reasons why debt service to revenue is high is because revenue generation in Nigeria has been low, with over-dependence on the oil sector.

“This is corroborated by the fact that the ratio of Nigeria’s tax revenue to GDP is one of the lowest in the world at about six per cent,’’ the minister said.

Mohammed said unlike what obtained in the past, when the nation borrowed to “service the crass indulgence of a few fat cats”, the loans being obtained by the current administration were being primarily used to finance infrastructure projects: roads, railways, bridges and power.

He added that the loans also were long-term in nature, which would benefit present and future generations.

“We have said that in the face of massive infrastructural decay, no responsible government will sit by and do nothing.

“This administration’s borrowing, therefore, is aimed mostly at revamping our infrastructure.

“The loans for the educational sector will contribute to the development of our human capital while the loans for the agricultural sector will help the move to diversify the economy,” he said.

The minister said in spite the negative impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the country’s economy, the FG had continued to take measures to mitigate effects of the pandemic.

He assured that the government would always act in the best interest of Nigerians.

2020 Budget: Debt Service Cost Includes Capital Repayment, Interest – FG

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